Pros and Cons of Electric Cars
So, you are thinking of buying an electric hybrid car, then you must know clearly about the Pros and Cons of Electric Hybrid Cars.
Electric cars have come a long way from the gasoline-guzzling prototypes that appeared some years ago. Consumers are now getting more interested in cutting their carbon footprints and saving gasoline with zero-emission cars.
There are also plug-in hybrid electric cars like the Nissan Leaf. These include the engine, transmission, and battery of a conventional gas-powered car, only with the battery and electric motor of a plug-in hybrid. Consumers expect electric cars to be more efficient, affordable, and safe.
Electric cars are quickly gaining a lot of fans and followers. With the high cost of gas nowadays, coupled with the skyrocketing price of oil, it’s no wonder that more people have started considering alternative fuel options for their cars.
And with the recent shift of the planet towards the Green Energy, electric or hybrid cars are rising. You must have heard about Elon Musk, the owner of Tesla and the world’s richest man. In February 2021, Elon took the title of the world’s richest man from Amazon’s Jeff Bezos.
The rise of Tesla itself shows that people prefer Electric Cars instead of Motorcars. But before you get all excited about owning one, you have to make sure you know the pros and cons of electric cars.
This article will give you a brief insight into the Pros and Cons of Electric Cars.
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What is a Hybrid Car?
What is a hybrid car?
A hybrid vehicle is any car that combines electric propulsion with gas propulsion, as most cars do now, except motorcycles. Most hybrids are smaller than traditional cars, some are mid-size, and some can be large. They use two or more sources of power, gas, and electricity, to propel themselves.
Most hybrids come with a gasoline engine, so most hybrid vehicles run off either an internal combustion engine (which is also called an internal combustion engine (ICE) engine) or an electrical motor. The electric motors run on rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries, which store the power to use as needed if the battery is dead or completely drained of its ability to power the vehicle. Other ways to store power are compressed air in electric, hybrid vehicles and solid fuel in nitrous oxide-based hybrid vehicles. Both have advantages over gasoline engines, but there are several key differences in the way they work.
Gasoline engines generate a lot of exhaust and pollution, while electric motors are quiet under normal circumstances and provide considerably fewer emissions than their gasoline counterparts. Additionally, while gasoline engines can be “throttle-driven” to use the power at the lowest possible engine speed, an electric vehicle cannot. Because of these differences, a hybrid car has a slightly different profile compared to a typical vehicle, which is why you will often find hybrid car enthusiasts driving many miles per day.
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Now, let’s take a look at the Pros and Cons of an Electric Car.
Advantages of an Electric Car
- Less Noise Pollution
- No Air Pollution
- Low Maintenance Cost
- Low Electricity Price as compared to Oil/Gas Price
- Tax Exemption and Credit Availability in some Countries
- Flexibility/Adaptability of Electric Cars
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Less Noise Pollution
The first advantage of driving an electric car is that it is much quieter when compared to conventional vehicles.
Gas-powered vehicles tend to be very loud, but an electric car can be as quiet as your footsteps. Since electric cars don’t rely on conventional forms of fuel to power them, there is no chance of pollution or noise pollution from petrol engines. Also, since there is no fuel combustion involved, the noise from an engine is essentially eliminated. With regards to the driving experience, this can translate to significantly reduced emissions and noise.
This is a major benefit for those who live in suburban communities that are surrounded by housing. The reduced noise pollution is especially great for children who often ride their bicycles to school and want to get to school in as little noise and congestion as possible.
No Air Pollution
Air pollution is one of the biggest concerns in the modern world. A significant portion of this air pollution comes from gas-powered vehicles.
The benefit of driving an electric car is that you never have to worry about smoky driving. With a typical gas-powered vehicle, you run the risk of getting a smoky car because of the exhaust and fuel fumes that come from it. Electric cars do not generate any exhaust and fuel fume at all.
By driving these vehicles, you get to enjoy all the benefits of driving a regular vehicle while also driving safely and with minimal pollution. Hence, you will be making the world a better place to live in.
Low Maintenance Cost
The biggest benefit of an electric car is that you don’t need to purchase gasoline as you would to keep driving your car. You also don’t have to concern yourself with being able to refuel your vehicle either. Using an electric vehicle battery instead of gasoline also means that you save a significant amount of money.
The cost savings can be particularly great if you purchase an electric car. Not only will you save money on fuel, you’ll also save money on routine maintenance and service costs. Since there’s less wear and tear on the drive train, the repairs’ frequency will decrease because the engine will not have to work so hard.
You can expect to see a lower amount of money for your annual insurance premiums for the long term. Also, since electric cars have less wear and tear on the drive train, they generally perform better on the road than conventional vehicles.
Low Electricity Price as compared to Oil/Gas Price
One of the biggest benefits is probably the fact that you don’t have to pay for electricity. These cars get their power from batteries, so the battery will shut down when you don’t use electricity. The best part is, most electric cars consume very little electricity, usually only a few cents per mile to charge their batteries.
Electric cars also generally make use of smaller batteries. This means that the number of battery charging sessions is less compared to a gas-powered vehicle. It also makes us more affordable since you don’t need to pay an extra charge when running out of juice. Additionally, it reduces the amount of money required to buy gasoline as well.
Therefore, you will be driving a very efficient vehicle. Most of the time, drivers can save 40-50% of gasoline expenses by driving an Electric Car. As a result, the cost of ownership to run an electric vehicle is a lot lower than a conventional vehicle.
Tax Exemption and Credit Availability in some Countries
In some countries, there is a tax exemption on buying an electric car because the modern world faces the challenge of pollution and Ozone-layer drop. And much of this pollution is being generated from gasoline engines.
Therefore, many countries are giving tax exemption and credit availability to their citizens. This step is letting many countries fight the pollution and energy war efficiently.
Many companies are also offering extra privileges to employees who drive electric cars. Since most gas and diesel-powered vehicles produce harmful greenhouse gases, electric cars are a great way to help reduce your carbon footprint while helping to protect the planet.
Flexibility/Adaptability of Electric Cars
One final advantage to consider is the fact that electric cars offer an incredible amount of flexibility.
Electric vehicles don’t require you to purchase gas or oil. They also don’t require you to purchase special accessories such as snow chains, winter tires, or air conditioners. This means that you will be able to travel any time of the year. Many people even drive their electric cars for short amounts of time before returning to their traditional cars for the remainder of the year.
An additional perk is that electric cars generally perform better on the road and have better acceleration and braking performance.
Disadvantages of Electric Cars
- Limited Vehicle Choices
- Lack of Charging Infrastructure
- Higher Initial Cost of Vehicle
- Limited Range of Travelling
- Depreciation Cost
- Heavier Vehicles
- Long Charging Time
Limited Vehicle Choices
One of the key disadvantages of electric vehicles is their limited number of models.
All vehicles are limited to a specific drive train, engine size, and speed. They rely on a charge supplied by an external power source, which is either DC or AC.
As most modern-day electric vehicles (EV) are fitted with a petrol-powered engine, the only option is to change to a battery-powered car. Although a little slower to recharge than petrol-powered cars, a battery-powered car still runs faster and longer periods than a petrol engine.
Lack of Charging Infrastructure
The lack of chargers means that electric cars cannot be charged from regular household power points.
Most EV’s come equipped with an adapter that can be plugged into an electrical socket. This makes it possible to charge the vehicle using a regular household PowerPoint, but it also restricts the use of the vehicle to home use only.
Furthermore, electric-powered vehicles are limited by the speed at which they run out of power. This can become quite frustrating when using the vehicle on long trips. However, Hybrid Cars do not suffer from this problem.
Higher Initial Cost of Vehicle
Unlike gas-powered vehicles, electric cars tend to have higher initial purchase costs.
Although the cost can be recovered through the lower monthly repayments, it will take many years for the full cost to come down. Gas-powered vehicles are much cheaper to run over the long term, as the engine consumes considerably less fuel. Hence the replacement cost of a hybrid electric vehicle is higher than its gas-powered equivalent.
Limited Range of Travelling
There is currently a limited range available for electric and hybrid cars.
Depending on the charging system you choose, you will find them capable of driving distances over 300km. The maximum available charge for standard cars and vans is around 110km, whereas the maximum for hybrids is around thirty-five.
Electric cars emit higher levels of carbon dioxide compared to standard vehicles. This means that they travel further but consume more fuel to move their heavier bodies. As a result, the average driving distance for electric vehicles is about twice that of a standard vehicle, resulting in greater carbon emissions being released into the atmosphere. Charging electric cars to a maximum of fifty percent of capacity results in a smaller carbon footprint.
Unlike conventional vehicles, it costs more to run electric cars.
This cost goes up over time, but it is not initially noticeable. Conventional vehicles tend to depreciate very quickly. If you drive a conventional car long enough to pay its tax, then you can drive it for a lifetime, whereas an electric vehicle only comes up for replacement after a certain amount of time and at a very high cost.
Electric vehicles tend to be heavier than comparable gasoline vehicles.
For example, an electric car may require four to five batteries than a similar sized tank of gasoline. This makes turning your drive into a harrowing experience more difficult.
Also, as noted above, the batteries can be expensive and may eventually require replacement. In the long run, these batteries can be a liability since they have to be replaced regularly, not just during extreme winter weather conditions.
Long Charging Time
The last disadvantage of an electric vehicle is a long “recharge” time between recharging.
If you regularly drive long distances with your vehicle, it is important to make sure that your battery pack is always fully charged and ready to go.
However, you will notice that you have more miles per gallon with your vehicle, and you will also be able to travel further and faster on less fuel.
Last Thought on the Pros and Cons of an Electric Car
So, these are the Pros and Cons of Electric Cars right now in 2021. The technology of electric cars is being developed and is changing every day. More and more companies are entering this market and are offering new advancements in their electric cars.
But it should always be kept in mind that electric or hybrid vehicle technology is still a work in progress when you are thinking about the pros and cons of electric cars.