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Back, Pain During Pregnancy – Causes & Treatment of Back Pain During Pregnancy


Back Pain during pregnancy is something that most new moms can relate to. Having a healthy pregnancy does not mean that you are going not to have any pain. It’s just going to be different than it used to be. The reason that this happens is that your body gets stressed out and causes problems in the back. Most women experience this during the first two months of pregnancy.

 In the early months of pregnancy, you are likely to experience back pain. Your abdomen expands as your baby grows, and your pelvis also becomes heavier. The expansion often places added stress on your back muscles as well. You might find yourself arching or leaning back to get some relief.

Also, the pressure from extra weight placed on the spine can cause stiffness or back pain. During pregnancy, the muscles in your abdomen naturally get softer, and the ligaments in the pelvis also stretch out to prepare you for childbirth. This stretching will put a great strain on the joints in your back, pelvis and lower back, which will lead to back pain after birth.

However, it is normal to have back pain or backache during pregnancy at any stage in the pregnancy. But as your baby gets bigger, your spine gets stretched out, resulting in a lot of back discomfort for mothers-to-be.

So, first of all, let’s see what are the causes of back pain during pregnancy?




Causes of Back Pain During Pregnancy


There are many causes of back pain during pregnancy. The most common ones include:


Lack of Sleep


The first causes of back pain during pregnancy can also be due to lack of sleep/rest. It is important to get at least eight hours of sleep each night and do everything you can to maintain a good level of sleep during pregnancy. It’s important to give enough rest to your body during your pregnancy.

Sleep helps relax the pelvic area muscles, including the muscles and ligaments of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Good rest helps improve blood flow and make labor easier. A good night’s sleep keeps the uterus warm, which prepares it for birth.


Hormonal Changes


Besides pregnancy and childbirth, a pregnant woman can be plagued by lower back pain caused by her hormone levels. As hormones fluctuate throughout a woman’s body, her back pain can also vary. There are several theories about why this occurs, but no one is certain. It is believed that abnormal hormone levels may be one of the causes of back pain before menopause.

It has been documented that hormones play a major role in developing joint and ligament disorders such as arthritis. Hormones such as cortisol, human growth hormone, estrogen, and prolactin are known to negatively impact the proper functioning of the joints, bones, and ligaments.


Location of Spine


The location of the spine is important. It’s found that the abdomen (back) and pelvis (knees) are two areas that experience extra pressure during pregnancy. So, it’s no surprise that your spine and pelvis may be affected too. It’s common for pregnant women to feel stiff and sore in the lower back region and occasionally in the abdomen area, particularly in the later stages of pregnancy.

When the abdomen begins to expand, the spine tends to lengthen as well. This increase in length places more pressure on the pelvic area. Additionally, the muscles and joints in the pelvis can also feel tense and, in turn, tighten up the surrounding muscles and joints. These are all normal reactions to the body’s changing needs.


Pelvic Inflammation


There can be many reasons for a pregnant woman’s back pain. One possibility is that her ligaments, which connect the bones to her pelvis and abdomen muscles, have been stretched during the pregnancy. Besides, the weight of the growing baby can rub on her ligaments. Sometimes a misaligned spine can also be a cause. It is generally thought that pregnancy and childbirth are the main causes of pain in the pelvis.

The size of a woman’s pelvis during and after pregnancy changes slightly, so there is some chance that she will experience back pain. The size and shape of the pelvis are important to the stability of the spine and the overall health of a woman. It has been shown that women who have an improperly shaped pelvis are at a greater risk of developing poor posture problems than women with a properly shaped pelvis.

Pelvic inflammatory disease is another condition that can increase the likelihood of severe lower back pain during pregnancy. Women who have this disease often develop tears in their muscles, which allow infection and inflammation to set in. A doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics for this ailment. Antibiotics will help remove the bacteria inside the vagina, but they do not eliminate the infection. You will also want to have a doctor ensure that you are not suffering from a sexually transmitted disease. 


Related Post: Upper Back Pain When Breathing – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment


Weight Gain


You may also experience low-back pain due to weight gain. Most women carry more weight than they did before they became pregnant. The extra weight may put pressure on the spine. Also, the extra weight increases the likelihood of developing weak abdominal muscles, which can also put additional stress on your spine. A study was conducted by researchers from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and the Cincinnati Veterans Health Care System.

They studied women who were newly expecting and found a significant link between low back pain and being a woman with a low body mass index (also known as obesity). The study found a nine per cent higher risk of having back pain and low back pain associated symptoms if a woman is obese. Interestingly, they did not find any significant link between being overweight and having one-third or one-half higher risk of having osteoporosis.


Bad Posture


Another reason for low-back pain during pregnancy is a change in posture. For some women, especially those who were not obese before pregnancy, this can mean a change in their sitting and standing posture, which can also strain their back muscles. Also, during this time, you may notice that you experience less movement in your abdomen, resulting from a possible increase in the pressure in your lower back.

This increased pressure can cause the muscles in the pelvic area to stretch out and become irritated. Although hormonal changes typically cause back pain during pregnancy, pregnant women can also experience it because of incorrect posture. If you’re pregnant and notice a change in your posture, it’s important to discuss it with your doctor. He can help you establish a better posture that will help avoid problems in the future.


Related Post: Ten Simple Daily Activities to Get Rid of Everyday Back Pain Permanently


Treatment For Back Pain During Pregnancy


Usually, the pain may become worse or it may remain at same level as your pregnancy progresses.

Many women have also reported that after childbirth, they immediately experienced an ache in the lower back. The reason for this is that the uterus puts pressure on the spinal cord.

To help relieve the ache, you can take over-the-counter medications or get muscle relaxers to help ease the ache. However, it is important to see your healthcare provider seek medical treatment if the pain worsens.

Your healthcare provider will most likely prescribe physical therapy or even prenatal exercises to help relieve the pain. In addition, if medication fails, then your healthcare provider may recommend visiting a chiropractor or massage therapist for additional help.

So, here are the best methods to relieve back pain during pregnancy:

how to relieve back pain fast during pregnancy blog post infographic by pakistanonline
How to Relieve Back Pain During Pregnancy – Pakistan Online


Consult Your Doctor


The first thing you should do is visit your doctor to rule out any serious conditions. And this is very important because this is not just a routine matter. Because when you are pregnant, then you are not alone. Someone’s life is basically depending on you. And you have to be sure about everything.

Some conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes could indicate a problem that requires attention. It’s important to visit your doctor if you experience severe or sudden back pain during your pregnancy. These can be signs of preeclampsia, which is a life-threatening condition. Your doctor will monitor your pregnancy to make sure no problems are developing.


Massage Therapy


Another option for pain relief is to use massage therapy. Massages are known to promote good health and relaxation. When the body is certain tense, muscles can tighten that can cause pain. However, when a person is getting massage therapy, they focus on the muscles themselves and not on the tension building up in the body. Therefore, when the body relaxes after a massage, the muscles begin to loosen up, and the aches and pains caused by the stress are relieved.

Regardless of which type of pain you experience, whether it’s from a pulled muscle, strained muscles, or nerve damage, there are several ways to manage it through exercise and physical therapy. A physical therapist will probably recommend performing a series of exercises designed to strengthen your back, abdomen, and thigh muscles.

A qualified massage therapist will be able to identify which muscles are tight and which ones are weak and will be able to relieve the pressure by targeting those muscles during a deep tissue massage. Whether you experience pain in the pelvis, lower back, thigh, or hamstrings, it is important to see your healthcare provider advise on treating it properly.


Hormonal Therapy


There are a few treatment options for those who have chronic back pain or discomfort. One of these is hormonal therapy. In this case, estrogen is usually given to women considered to be at risk for estrogen dominance. Estrogen dominance is when cells in the reproductive system make more of the hormone than the body needs.

Another option for hormonal therapy is called biofeedback. With this method, you are taught how to control your breathing and your bodily functions. This will help you control your blood pressure, heart rate, and your digestive processes. You may also find that this type of treatment helps to reduce lower back pain.


Provide Support to Abdomen


A great way to help ease back pain is to ensure that your abdomen is well supported throughout the day. This is especially true if you are a woman who has extra weight put on her belly because extra weight can place extra stress on your belly. The easiest way to achieve a well-supported abdomen is by getting a healthy diet rich in Vitamin D and other essential vitamins. Vitamin D is important to promote healthy bone growth and overall health, and it also helps improve the quality of your skin. Switching to organic egg cream instead of the conventional egg white can give you the extra support you need.


Improve Posture


Good posture is essential for a healthy pregnancy. Good posture allows you to stay upright and take proper care of your baby. When your body is not in the correct position, the muscles contract, pushing your spine out of alignment, which can cause discomfort. Sitting, standing, and walking all help you maintain good posture, but back pain can become a problem during your pregnancy if you continue to do these activities improperly.

When it comes to managing your back pain, the best thing to do is keep your body and spine properly aligned. One easy way to improve your posture is to sit up straight in bed. Another technique to help improve your posture is to pick something up off the floor each time you wake up. Once you get used to doing this, it should become second nature to you. Your healthcare provider will likely provide additional advice on taking proper care of yourself to prevent further issues.


Provide Support to Spine


You can minimize your chances of developing back pain or pregnancy back pain by ensuring that your muscles, bones, and discs remain supple and flexible. It’s important to keep the muscles, joints, and discs of your spine supple so they can continue to move and provide support for your spine and pelvis. This means sleeping on your sides and using support pillows and blankets to support your back.


Change Bad Habits (If You Have Any)


You must change your bad habits during pregnancy, such as smoking, alcohol drinking, and poor posture, hormones such as cortisol can be produced. Cortisol is a hormone that reduces blood flow to your muscles and can increase inflammation. Your baby has to get oxygen to function properly. When there is inadequate blood flow to the baby, your baby’s heart rate and other vital signs can increase and put them at risk for developing illnesses.


Provide Support to Pelvis Area


Another tip to take advantage of when managing pain in the pelvis is always to wear support pants and soft underwear. These garments will allow you to sit and stand up straighter, reducing stress on your muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Wearing tight clothing can also put added pressure on your pelvic area. To further reduce the amount of stress placed on your pelvic area, it’s recommended that you use a PCS to keep your pelvic muscles loose during the day.

The use of a quality back-line foam maternity support belt and adjustable pelvic support will help minimize or eliminate early pregnancy back pain, allowing you to focus on giving birth instead of pain!


Exercise & Eat Healthy


Good prenatal care includes getting plenty of sleep, eating a healthy diet, and getting plenty of moderate to heavy exercise. Regular exercise helps keep your bones strong and provides valuable nutrients such as calcium, which helps prevent the formation of osteoporosis as you get older. Regular exercise is especially important during your pregnancy because your body will be more susceptible to fractures if you are not doing any resistance training. A good way to start prenatal exercises is to maintain a proper daily posture throughout the day, particularly if you are a woman who gets most of her daily activity through sitting.

Your uterus and abdomen are supporting your pelvis. As your baby grows and enters the pelvis, your body weight is redistributed to your hips and thighs. This occurs due to the ligaments between your pelvic bones stretching. You can prevent this from happening by taking prenatal vitamins and having a regular exercise routine during pregnancy.


Prenatal Yoga & Breathing Techniques


Finally, one of the best ways to help reduce back pain during early pregnancy is by doing prenatal yoga or prenatal breathing techniques. These techniques can help you relax and focus your mind on the physical symptoms that you are experiencing. In addition, these types of techniques have been shown to reduce the discomfort associated with pregnancy hormones. If you are suffering from discomfort, you may want to consider trying one of these techniques to help you.


 Also Read: How to Relieve Back Pain Fast at Home/Office/School


Final Thoughts


Back pain during early pregnancy is not surprising, but sometimes it deserves more attention than it is often given.

Back pain in pregnancy is common. It’s the mother’s body reacting to changes in her pelvis and abdomen as her baby grows. To avoid back pain, a pregnant woman needs to prepare for it by doing the right amount of exercise and resting. Adequate rest and light exercise are essential.

Many women find that they have excessive pelvic discomfort after delivery. It is important to remember that all back pain and discomfort are caused by the body’s response to the hormones and other factors that affect your posture, such as being pregnant, taking hormones, and changing your posture.

Any pregnant woman is enjoying this unique time of her life with all the hopes of having a successful birth. While many little discomforts are perfectly normal, there is no reason to tolerate back pain during pregnancy. Because you must be healthy & fit after the pregnancy as well. As you will have to take care of your new-born as well.



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